“I had no idea that the lump in my breast was a problem,”
Tabitha says, shaking her head as if still surprised that a painless lump would prove to be so ominous. When she discovered the lump she didn’t give it much thought at first. This was mainly because what she knew about cancer made her believe it was a ‘far fetched issue affecting only wealthy people’. But when the tiny lump kept growing, she got concerned and went to a nearby clinic. The first diagnosis she received at the hospital was that it was breastmilk trapped in the duct. This was shocking to Tabitha because her last born child was then in high school in Form One.
“Breastmilk for a mother who has a child in Form One? ” She asked the medic bewildered. The medic explained to Tabitha that this happens many times and that she should take antibiotics to stop any infection.
When she went home and told her family, they laughed it off but still stood by the diagnosis, after all, doctors do not lie and if they say it is trapped breastmilk, the medicine will untrap it.
Sadly, the lump didn’t respond to medication and she returned to the clinic only to be told to massage the lump daily. When nothing changed, she decided to seek an alternative opinion and went to another hospital in Thika County. Unfortunately, this was the time when there was a nationwide Doctor’s strike and she could only get tests done in a private hospital. “That was the first time I heard the word biopsy and cancer. I never thought it would come to this after being told I had trapped breast milk.”
Tabith was diagnosed with stage 2 breast cancer in 2017 after tests confirmed the lump she had discovered in her breast was malignant.
“Now that we knew what it was, we quickly moved on from our misdiagnosis and decided to seek proper treatment. ”
Operations resumed at the Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) and Tabitha was able to undergo a mastectomy which was covered by the National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF).
After healing from her surgery she began chemotherapy treatment but to her shock and horror, the wound swelled afresh. “The doctors said there were additional lumps that had not been successfully removed from the surgery. I was given more chemo to clear this.”
“NHIF was only covering 6 cycles of chemo, the additional ones we had to fundraise from friends and family members,” says Tabitha as she twiddles her thumbs. When she finished chemo, she was placed on the long waiting list at Kenyatta and given a date after three months. Her family did not want to wait, fearing the lumps would re-appear. That is when they were referred to HCG-CCK Cancer Center for radiotherapy.
Tabitha was overwhelmed at this point; she looked at the cost per session for the radiotherapy treatment, in addition to a PET scan examination, and knew that she was in all sorts of trouble.
“We could not afford my treatments any longer,” Tabitha says matter of factly. Her husband paints houses for a living. Sometimes, the paint jobs are not forthcoming. They had held a fundraiser for the initial treatments and could not imagine doing another one. They also had two children in secondary school. She contemplated her situation and decided she would forego her medical treatment.
Then one day her friend convinced Tabitha to leave the house and accompany her to a support group meeting. There, Tabitha met a lady called Bonnie who, after listening to her plight, insisted she continues with treatment and referred her to Faraja. While at Faraja, Tabitha took a step of faith and filled in the financial assistance application forms. “I then went home and got busy dying.”She laughs “I had already resigned myself to a negative response and had given up on life.” Two weeks later, Tabitha received some good news, Faraja would pay for her entire radiotherapy treatment at HCG-CCK cancer center.
“Let me tell you! I have seen God!” “Faraja imenisaidia. Mimi nashukuru Mungu sana. Afadhali kutoka ujue vile watu wanasema.”
Tabitha has become an advocate, telling anyone willing to listen, to stop wallowing in their homes. She believes that getting out of the house, talking to people and sharing your tribulations is a doorway to getting the help that one needs.
“I am a changed person. I get energized by talking and sharing with other people. If I had stayed in my house, I would not be alive today, talking with my husband and children.” Tabitha remarks that she never thought she would feel hope again, but that surrounded by kind and considerate people at the Faraja, she found it.
Tabitha urges others to seek out people who could be resigned to their homes because of illness. She says that many people die in hiding, not knowing that they could have been treated.
She has successfully finished her radiotherapy and regularly attends our monthly breast cancer support group. She also participates in the alternative therapies offered at Faraja, her favorite is reflexology.
Interviewed by Karimi Gatimi, Photography by David Kariuki (Kiki)
Monica Tekelow, 40, mother to Napot says that he used to cry a lot as a newborn. She has other older children, but they were not as fussy as Napot when he was a baby. “He will calm down when he grows up,” she would say to herself and true to form he stopped crying until August 2018, a few months after his third birthday, he started crying again this time day and night. Frustrated by his inability to identify what his problem was, Maureen one day stripped him naked him and checked him all over. She noticed with horror that his stomach had a lump, a hard mass that she had never been there before. She informed her husband who advised her to take him to the women in the village for a tummy massage, a common cultural practice.
Monica chose to take him to the hospital instead. Accompanied by one of her older daughters, she went to the nearest hospital in Kapenguria, West Pokot County. After a physical examination, the medical personnel referred Napot to another hospital in Kitale. They went back home, borrowed busfare and went to Kitale the following day. In Kitale, they did a thorough physical assessment and referred her to Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH) in Eldoret. Monica called her husband and together, they sourced for money and travelled to Eldoret.
At MTRH, Napot was admitted and had tests done. The results revealed that he had cancer of the kidney known as nephroblastoma, a common cancer among children. He went through surgery to remove the tumour and had 6 cycles of chemotherapy treatment which was catered for by government insurance ( NHIF). His consulting doctor however advised that he should have radiotherapy treatment done which, at that time, was only available in Nairobi.
In September of 2018, 5-year-old Naima was her usual playful self, running around their home in Busia town, Western Kenya, when she fell down. She could not stop crying, saying that her stomach hurt a lot. Her mother, Caroline Adhiambo, 34, believed that a stone might have hurt Naima and that the pain would eventually subside. It did not. After a night of crying, Caroline took Naima to the hospital the following morning. Naima was still crying in pain. Tests did not reveal anything, though the doctor noticed a lump on Naima’s tummy.
A different doctor, on examining Naima recommended further tests at a different hospital. She informed Caroline that she suspected Naima had cancer of the kidney but that this would be best diagnosed at MTRH in Eldoret. The doctor ordered an ambulance to take them from Busia to Eldoret, where tests confirmed the kidney cancer diagnosis. Thankfully the ambulance was covered by NHIF.
Naima stayed in the hospital for six weeks and underwent surgery and chemotherapy treatment. Caroline is a housewife while her husband is a casual worker. He had taken the NHIF cover which paid for Naima’s treatment. But when they were informed that they needed to pay for radiotherapy treatment in Nairobi, Caroline and her husband felt helpless.
The meeting of in Nairobi
Faraja works closely with a social worker at MTRH called Sandra. Sandra referred both Napot and Naima’s case to us for possible consideration of funding. After review from the Faraja Medical Support Fund panel, our Patient Support Manager Phillip called Sandra and gave her the good news, their entire radiotherapy treatment would be catered for by Faraja.
“There was no way to raise the money for radiotherapy. We also did not know anyone in Nairobi. When we got the call from Faraja, I felt like God gave me another chance to raise my son again. I can only ask God to bless the Faraja family because they gave me hope. Without their intervention, I know things would have been really bad.” Says Caroline.
“The thought that my son will look healthy again gives me peace of mind and I know that he shall be completely healed,” Monica says, adding that Faraja should continue touching more lives.
Caroline and Monica met for the first time at a bus stop in downtown Nairobi at 6am on 7th November 2018. Since they were housed at the same hostel, they became close friends and their children even closer. During the day, Napot and Naima would hold hands as they walked into the hospital, smiling shyly, as they sauntered to the nurse’s desk. At night, they would play together until late, much to the chagrin of their sleepy mothers.
As per the date of publishing this article, we learnt that Naima is doing well but sadly Napot’s tumour recurred and metastasized to the brain.
“When we walked through the corridors of KNH, people would not only stare but also give me a wide berth thinking I was contagious. It didn’t bother me because I was sure that I would be cured.”
Ronald was looking forward to joining Kabete Technical College in September of 2018 to study a course in Engineering. But in July of 2018, his left eye became constantly itchy. He used home-based remedies, thinking it was only an allergic reaction but the itch became worse and his eye started to swell causing his vision to become blurry. His father took him to Lion’s Eye hospital in Kikuyu and he was prescribed special lenses, which he wore for only four days. As the swelling became progressively worse, he sought a second opinion at another private eye hospital and was asked to do a CT scan.
The results indicated that Ronald had a growth from the nasal sinuses and it was finding an outlet through his left eye. He was referred to Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) for a biopsy and was diagnosed with stage 2 Sinonasal Undifferentiated Carcinoma, also known as SUNC. SNUC is a rare cancer of the nasal cavity and/or paranasal sinuses.
Something interesting to note about his histology report, it indicates that he is 99 years old! Ronald laughs at this as he was only 19 at the time, his optimism is a true testament of his character. When asked why he says, “Because the medics could not believe that this type of cancer, common with much older people, would be diagnosed in a teenager.” He also mentions how grotesque his eye looked but he was adamant not to cover it up.
“When we walked through the corridors of KNH, people would not only stare but also give me a wide berth thinking I was contagious. It didn’t bother me because I was sure that I would be cured.”
The first thing his family did was seek help from the National Hospital Insurance Fund ( NHIF). Since his cancer is rare, the cost they received for his chemotherapy drugs was expensive( about Kshs 90,000 per cycle when NHIF was only catering for Kshs 13,000 per cycle). Worried about not completing his treatment, he confided in his cousin who referred him to Dr. Mbogo and Dr. Vijay at HCG-CCK Cancer Center. After additional scans and medical tests, the reports indicated that his cancer had moved to stage 3 but was still localized, meaning, it had not spread further. Ronald had to be put on treatment immediately to arrest the spread.
Ronald’s father, Patrick is a civil servant and Judy his mother is a housewife. Patrick being the sole breadwinner was already strained in meeting the family’s daily upkeep. He shakes his head as if lost for words when asked how he managed to pay for Ronald’s numerous laboratory tests.
“What do you do? You borrow, which we did, but it just wasn’t enough and we still had to do chemo. It was a trying time for all of us.” Patrick says.
Left without any choice, they started chemotherapy at MP Shah Hospital using the NHIF rebate and funds from a crowdfunding event Harambee. During Ronald’s second chemo, a Faraja volunteer approached him and his family and told them about Faraja and our free complementary therapies. Ronald’s father decided to ask about financial assistance and went ahead to fill the application forms without hesitation
“Faraja offered us support for the remaining 3 chemos. It has been such a relief; I cannot explain how grateful we are as a family.” Says Ronald’s dad.
Ronald is committed to complete all his treatments and be a witness to dispel the myths that cancer is a death sentence.
“I am grateful to Faraja for their support and to all those people who have supported our family in different ways. I want to educate people that cancer is treatable. One must remain positive, trust in God and not fear to seek medical treatment.”
“During my second chemo session, I shared with a friend the stress our lack of finances was causing us. She is the one that mentioned Faraja and urged me to seek assistance.”
In 2013, Fridah first felt a lump in her left breast, close to her nipple. She went to hospital and underwent a biopsy but the results were benign. She was however advised to consider having a second baby but was not told why. Since she was not ready to have another child, she chose to wait it out, hoping the lump would disappear on its own and it did. All was forgotten until she became pregnant in 2017.
The lump reappeared, seeming to be in competition with her growing baby as it hardened and her nipple became inverted. The situation worsened when she was 6 months pregnant and the tumour burst open, sending Fridah into a panic.
“Even though it was not painful, I knew, without a doubt that this lump was not innocent.” She says. During her prenatal clinic, the doctor was concerned about the history of the lump and the current open wound. It was then that they carried out further tests and she was diagnosed with stage two breast cancer. The doctors suggested that she undergoes a Cesarean Section so that they could, at the same time perform surgery on the breast to remove the tumour.
“I chose not to, because I did not want to heal two wounds and at the same time attend to a new born.”
She waited until four months after giving birth before commencing on chemotherapy treatment at Kenyatta National Hospital.
Prior to her diagnosis, Friday operated a small scale second hand clothes business in Nairobi City. She was then able to earn an income to pay for the treatments. But with a new born and the suffering the side effects of chemotherapy treatment, her business strained financially. Her husband, a Khat (Miraa )seller became the only source of income for their young family. Their house hold costs now included blood tests needed before chemo, transport to and from hospital, food and now formula for her baby since she was unable to breastfeed. Having exhausted her government provided NHIF cover ( National Hospital Insurance Fund), she became desolate and depressed.
“During my second chemo session, I shared with a friend the stress our lack of finances was causing us. She is the one that mentioned Faraja and urged me to seek assistance.”
Without hesitation, Fridah sought for Faraja’s contacts online, visited our office and spoke with Grace, our medical fund co-ordinator. After one month, she received the call that she says, gave her and her husband “A new lease of life”
“Grace called me and said Faraja would pay for my remaining 4 chemotherapy sessions. I was so excited because I had stopped treatment due to lack of funds. Lucky for us we resumed soon enough and I can say now all is well.”
Fridah is positive that everything shall turn out right and remains immensely relieved that the right diagnosis was done before the cancer had advanced.
“When people are sick every one becomes deaf. I am grateful that such organisations like Faraja exist to give hope to patients, especially those who are not financially stable.”
Fridah is a beneficiary of the Natalie Fund, a sub fund created within the Faraja Medical Support Fund, that financially assists young women with breast cancer in Kenya. Through the Natalie Fund, Fridah’s 4 chemotherapy sessions were paid for at a cost of Kshs 46,800.
Written by Karimi Gatimi. Edited by Jehan Abhayaratne
Jane, 36, was pregnant with her second child when she first noticed that her left nipple was inverted. She assumed that because of her pregnancy, it had something to do with her milk duct.
It was only after the birth of her baby that she realised something was amiss and the doctor insisted that she needed to have a mammogram and other tests done on her breasts. As if in agreement with the doctor, Jane’s newborn baby refused to breast feed from her left breast.
Four months after giving birth, Jane took the doctor’s advice and underwent tests at Kenyatta National Hospital ( Kenya’s largest referral hospital and only national radiotherapy centre).
She was in shock to learn that she had stage two breast cancer.
“I had no idea about cancer and I didn’t believe them, because I was not in any sort of pain. Besides, no one else in my family has ever had a cancer diagnosis.”
The doctor took time educating Jane on her condition. He also told her that it was curative but that she had to have immediate surgery done. The KSHS 100,000 surgery cost was prohibitive for Jane. She turned to her friends and family who held a mini fundraiser to support her treatment. She managed to have the surgery done at a mission hospital that operated on her at an affordable rate.
After the surgery, Jane was required to undergo simultaneous chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The little balance from the fundraising was exhausted and she could not afford to pay for radiotherapy.
It was during one of the chemotherapy sessions at Kenyatta that she shared her predicament with a fellow patient who informed her about Faraja. When she finally gained the courage to visit Faraja, she was at her wits end and had lost all hope.
“I kept wondering what would happen to my two children if my application did not succeed but I left it to God, I filled my form and left.”
After two weeks, while undergoing her third cycle of chemotherapy, she received a call from Faraja’s Patient Support Manager- Phillip. Faraja was going to pay for her radiotherapy treatment.
“To say that I was happy is an understatement. I was ecstatic. If it wasn’t for my chemo port, I would be dancing in the ward. Finally, I could complete my treatment and be with my family.”
Jane, who earlier on in this interview looked forlorn, suddenly looks up and takes a deep breath before speaking.
“I am going to come back and support Faraja in their work. What they have done for me, only God can reward them. But I’ll support whichever way, with whatever I can. One day, one time, I will come back to bless them too.”
Editor’s Note: Jane’s radiotherapy treatment wasfunded by the Natalie Fund, a sub fund created within the Faraja Medical Support Fund ( FMSF) to financially assist young mothers with breast cancer. To learn more about FMSF click here
Save for the whirling of the ceiling fan, the Faraja Cancer Support wellness centre is quiet. The attendants are paying rapt attention to Rodney Aries as he introduces a top as fascinating as its titled; Quantum Touch.
For a Monday morning, the gathering of therapists and new Faraja volunteers are vibrant. I scan the room and access the men and women from different nationalities, races, age groups and professions. It is my first day as a volunteer at Faraja Cancer Support Trust and I am eager to listen to the day’s speaker, notebook and pen in hand.
“Love is a universal vibration, a foundation of all healing.” Rodney says.
He knows what he is talking about. He is a survivor of lung cancer.
“I don’t subscribe to the attitude of aggression towards cancer. I did not fight it but rather, once I accepted, I did a lot of research to understand all my options for quality life and healing.” he further quips.
On the 22nd of January 2018, Faraja Cancer Support Trust invited all their volunteers and therapists to a start-of-the-year session. Like Rodney Aries, some of the volunteers are also cancer survivors, while others have had a loved one experience the painful lick of cancer. The rest of the volunteers offer their expertise simply as a means of giving back to the community.
The range of expertise in the room varies from graphic designers, reflexologists, nurses, writers, counsellors, nutritionists, holistic therapy practitioners, physical exercise therapists and me- a writer.
A cancer diagnosis is not just shocking to a patient but is also emotionally, physically and financially draining. While the doctors offer patients mainstream therapies like chemotherapy and radiotherapy, Faraja steps in to offer information, support groups and, something I learnt that day, complementary therapies.
“Complementary therapies ensures the wholesomeness of the mind and spirit. It allows the patient to accept their diagnosis and consequently their treatment process” Explains Dr Peter Rotich, a radiologist with HCG-CCK who was also one of the speaker’s of the day.
Towards the end of the session, the new volunteers had an opportunity to mingle and interact with the therapists and staff members who have been supporting Faraja’s journery of giving help, hope and life to children and adults with cancer in Kenya.
It is inspiring to learn about the difference that complementary therapies makes in the life of a cancer patient. Still, there is so much more to be done especially in creating awareness about the need for these free therapies and the existence of this wellness centre that opens its doors every weekday to patients and their care givers. I am ready for the challenge and look forward to my year of volunteering at Faraja.
Editor’s Note: Faith Karimi is a writer, publisher and skills development facilitator. She is married and blessed with three children
Daniel was only a year old in December 2015 when he developed a swelling above his upper lip, directly under the nose. His mother, Nancy Gachambi Njuguna, took him to Nyayo Ward Hospital in Elburgon where the family lives. The hospital referred Daniel to Nakuru Provincial General Hospital and after 2 week of running tests, the doctors decided to operate on Daniel. Following the surgery in January 2016, Helen was asked to take the tumor specimen to the Aga Khan Hospital in Nakuru for further testing to establish if the growth was cancerous. The results revealed that Daniel would require further treatment for cancer. The growth had been indicative of rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS).
RMS is a highly malignant soft tissue sarcorma that is common in children. The cancer develops in muscle cells and the immediate sign is a swelling that keeps growing bigger.
Daniel was further referred to the Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH) where he was admitted. After preliminary tests, he was sent to the hospital’s Oncology Department and put on chemotherapy treatment. He would undergo 36 cycles of chemo starting February 2015, which was all paid for by NHIF. The doctors felt that the chemotherapy would be enough to get rid of the cancer and thus did not put Daniel on radiotherapy.
Fast forward to January 2017, Daniel developed another swelling on the neck and Nancy rushed him back to MTRH, fearing that the cancer had recurred. However, due to the doctor’s strike that was on-going then, Daniel could not access the necessary treatment and the Njuguna’s decided to try alternative hospitals. They first visited Kijabe Mission Hospital but could not afford the cash deposit needed for admission prior to surgery. The family then sought treatment at St. Mary’s Hospital in Lang’ata where Daniel had a biopsy done, which determined that he indeed had a recurrence. Nancy took the results and travelled with Daniel back to MTRH where the doctors in the Oncology Department scheduled another 36 sessions of chemotherapy in addition to which Daniel would have to undergo radiotherapy.
Being so young, Daniel needed to be put under anesthesia every time before undergoing radiotherapy. The family would thus incur extra costs for the anesthesiologist in addition to the actual radiotherapy fees. The family first visited the Aga Khan Hospital but upon getting the breakdown of the probable treatment bill, they quickly realized they could not afford treatment there.
Nancy then went to Kenyatta National Hospital seeking affordable treatment for Daniel. The doctors at Kenyatta suggested that Daniel should complete his chemotherapy first before proceeding to get radiotherapy. Within the two weeks that Daniel was admitted at KNH, he received 3 cycles of chemotherapy. In the meantime, Nancy was still in touch with the staff at the MTRH, with whom Faraja has a partnership committed to providing care and treatment for cancer patients.
The MTRH staff suggested that Nancy should bring Daniel to Faraja to seek assistance in paying for the radiotherapy. Nancy reached out to Phillip, Faraja’s Patient Support Manager. Faraja then offered to assist in paying part of the 30 sessions of radiotherapy that Daniel required including the cost of anaesthesia.
Nancy says her family has found much relief through the assistance
offered by Faraja especially considering the great financial constraint that her family has incurred since 2015. The constant moving from one town to another, hospital to hospital; seeking the best and most affordable treatment for Daniel has also taken a toll on Nancy who is 8 months pregnant.
Despite Daniel not having completed his treatment, his family is optimistic that he will make a full recovery . The staff at Faraja have become very fond of him and are always happy to see him toddle around the wellness center, looking for toys and crayons and off course an idle mobile phone to play with.
“We are taking it one step at a time but remain hopeful that Daniel will win this battle.” – Nancy
the ability to do something that frightens one.2. strength in the face of pain or grief.
Josephine Onchieku’s eyes are the first to greet you when you meet her. They speak with her and for her. The other things that you notice about her are how easily she laughs and the quiet confidence that comes across when she speaks. You’d think she is timid; she is far from that. Don’t mistake her gentleness for meekness. She knows her life will never be the same again after having been diagnosed with breast cancer in July 2016.
She and her family live a simple life in Kisii. Their small piece of land comfortably supports her husband and their three children.
As she narrates her story at the Faraja Cancer Trust offices, you can’t help but admire how she has taken her cancer diagnosis head on. She doesn’t hide the fact that she has undergone a mastectomy and is currently having chemotherapy.
“Mimi siogopi. I’m not afraid to show the other women my scars. I tell them that even though I may not have one breast, this has not stopped me from living my life,” she says. She points out that folks back in Kisii are more fearful of cancer than HIV/AIDS, and there are a lot of misconceptions surrounding the disease. “It is difficult to explain my journey to members of my family. They wonder why I have been in Nairobi for almost six months. Some even dare to say that I have run away but my husband is very supportive.”
Josephine’s journey began when she went to see a medical officer about a cancer screening exercise that had taken place in Kisii town, blissfully unaware of the lumps within her. The medical officer on examining her breast felt the presence of the lumps and referred her to Kisii Teaching and Referral Hospital ( KTRH). She was examined and was told to wait a few weeks for a “big clinic” that was coming to town . This was the free cancer screening that was being conducted by Faraja. The screening, she was told, was an extension of her “clinic”. Josephine remembers how eager she was that morning and was the fourth person to arrive at the Stadium. That is when she received her second confirmation of breast lumps. Fortunately for her, the lady examining her was a breast cancer survivor who was empathetic to Josephine’s plight and encouraged her.
“When the lady told me that I should not get stressed because she too had cancer at one time and had overcome it, there and then I purposed that I will get through this,” she recounts.
Josephine shared her news with her husband and her family, and she remembers how she was the one offering them encouragement and telling them not to worry and whatever will be, will be.
November 7th, 2016, is a landmark date for Josephine. This was the day that she underwent her mastectomy. Unfortunately, soon after this she, like many other Kenyans, fell victim to the nationwide doctors’ strike. She was forced to recuperate at home and without further treatment, hoping that the doctor’s strike would end soon. February 2017, another land mark day for Josephine, is when she received a phone call from Faraja, following up on her status. She was advised to come to Nairobi for chemotherapy and radiotherapy as her breast cancer was early stage and was treatable. A sense of hope and joy emanated from Josephine’s stomach as she packed her bags and said good bye to her young family. “Utarudi lini? When will you return?” asked her young son. “When I get better and I promise to return only when that happens.” She confidently retorted.
Faraja Cancer Support Trust with support from Nakumatt’s “Let’s Fight This Battle Together” campaign paid for 8 cycles of chemotherapy and 35 sessions of radiotherapy treatment in Nairobi. Her every smiling face and piercing eyes became a common feature along the corridors of cancer care Kenya. Josephine has also had the pleasure of expressing Faraja’s free complementary therapies including nutrition, exercise, reiki and our monthly breast cancer support group which meets every 4th Tuesday of every month. Shaira, Faraja’s Founding Trustee, caught up with her on the day she finished her radiotherapy and she joyfully quipped, “mimi niko sawa. I am ok and I feel strong! ”
Josephine is just one of the many beneficiaries of the LFTBT campaign. Other residents of Kisii town who presented suspicious cases were successfully treated at Oasis Medical Center in Kisii due to the doctor’s strike. Of all the cancer screenings Faraja has undertaken, Kisii County not only recorded the highest turnout (2,186 people in two days) but also had the highest number of men screened for both breast and prostate cancer (1070).
Watch Josephine’s video here
Valentine Mckenzie is a 4 years old girl from Western Kenya who is suffering from rhabdomyosacrcoma, a cancer made up of cells that normally develop into skeletal muscles. She is the first born daughter of 22 year old Helen who also has an 11 month old son. Helen lives with her parents Felistus and Jared Omusaba in Shanda, Kakamega County. Around mid June 2015, Felistus noticed a swelling under her granddaughter’s left ear. She thought it was a bee sting but the swelling grew bigger as days past. Felistus decided to seek medical assistance a few days later at a nearby dispensary and was immediately directed to Kakamega General Hospital. Although the swelling on Valentine’s left side had increased, she was not in pain and was still playful. Due to financial constraints, it took Valentine’s family one month to raise funds for further diagnostic treatment at the Kakamega General Hospital where they were referred to Kenya’s 2nd largest referral hospital the Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH) in Eldoret. Through the help of well wishers and a local MP, they managed to pay for scans and a biopsy which confirmed that she had early stage rhabdomyosarcoma also known as RMS.
About 7 weeks into the development of an embryo, cells called rhabdomyoblasts (which will eventually form skeletal muscles) begin to form. These are the cells that can develop into RMS. Because this is a cancer of embryonal cells, it is much more common in children, although it does sometimes occur in adults.
Valentine was immediately put on chemotherapy treatment to shrink the tumour before she could undergo surgery. By her second chemotherapy cycle, the tumour had significantly shrunk and her appetite increased. After 6 cycles of chemotherapy, Valentine was discharged from the hospital in December of 2016 but still had to attend weekly clinics. Her consequent surgery was scheduled for May 2017 which was paid for by NHIF. However when Felistus was notified by the doctors atMTRH that Valentine needed radiotherapy treatment in Nairobi, she was crest fallen as her family had already exhausted all their funds and could not afford the bus fare let alone 30 weeks of radiotherapy. Thanks to the partnership that Faraja has with MTRH, Valentine’s doctors contacted Faraja’s Patient Support Manager Phillip for review and possible financial assistance.
Through funds raised during the 2016 “Wigs and Turbans Gala Dinner”, Faraja is not only paying for radiotherapy treatment but also catering for accommodation costs in Nairobi for Valentine and her grandmother. Valentine is currently undergoing 6 weeks of radiotherapy, after which she will have to go back to MTRH for review and possibly, more chemotherapy.
These are just one of the many reasons Faraja Cancer Support Trust is excited to open a new outreach center at MTRH to expedite financial assistance cases and offer free complementary therapies to cancer patients and their care givers. By the time Felistus arrived in Nairobi she had high levels of stress and anxiety and hardly spoke. After talking to our counselors, she is better equipped for the ever winding journey of Valentine’s treatment. Valentine has also had art therapy sessions with our crafts for cure volunteers in a bid to get her to open up as the rigorous cancer treatment has left her sullen and withdrawn.
The Omusabi family can already see a marked improvement in Valentine and are looking forward to her speedy and full recovery. Felistus says she will patiently continue to support her granddaughter through all the treatment she needs and even afterwards to ensure full recovery. Her greatest desire is to see Valentine regain her health and go on to attend school and enjoying her childhood.
Editor’s Notes: Wigs and Turbans will host its annual gala dinner on the 4th of November 2017 at the Two Rivers Mall. All proceeds from the dinner go towards supporting children with cancer such as Valentine. To sponsor the event or participate, kindly contact Tibaga Gacheru on 0705 699 411 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Written by Daisy Kinuthia
Picture courtesy of Sly D Photography
Once you meet Waithera Kihanya you never forget her. It’s her energy, confidence and bubbliness that live an impression on you. For a six-year-old, she is strength personified. Though life took a turn for her and her parents in September 2016 when she started complaining about severe chest pain.
Her mother, Theresia Kihanya, testifies that her daughter had rarely fallen in and the sudden pain that she started getting next to her ribs surprised her. Though, it was after Waithera started passing blood in her urine was a visit to the local dispensary warranted. This visit didn’t reveal much, they were prescribed with painkillers, and they went back to their farm that is nestled in the farmlands of Nyandarua Country.
A month later, Waithera was in agony again, and no amount of medicine could abate the pain. On close scrutiny, Theresia noticed a lump in the rib area. This anomaly forced them to go to the North Kinagop Catholic Hospital where x-rays of Waithera were taken. A return visit to the hospital never happened, as Waithera’s parents were advised to see private doctors in Nakuru. Julius Mwaria, Waithera’s father, wasted no time in heeding this advice and headed off with his first -born to Nakuru for more consultations. Theresia was left with the responsibility of looking after the farm and her 13 month old baby, Sammy, whom she was still nursing. The Kihanya family were oblivious of the long and unpredictable journey that lay ahead.
It was after they were referred to the Moi Referral and Teaching Hospital, in Eldoret that it was discovered that Waithera had nefroblastoma, a kidney cancer that mainly affects children. Moi Referral as it is commonly known is the country’s second referral facility in the country, and for the next few months, this was going to be home for Waithera.
Two hundred kilometres away, Theresia couldn’t believe the news Julius broke to her. This was not a phone call that any mother cares to receive. Theresia admits that she struggled to believe the news, opting not to share this with anyone and choosing to hold onto to her faith and live her life as normal. “If I let this news bother me, then I would have been of no use to Theresia or the rest of my family. I needed to be strong for Theresia,” she says.
Waithera began her chemotherapy treatment and was scheduled for surgery to remove the affected kidney. Unfortunately, on the day she way to undergo the operation, the doctors’ strike that paralysed the country’s public health system for 100 days commenced. There were four other children at the children’s ward who were also to undergo the same procedure, but alas this was not the case. The waiting game began. Despite this, a strong friendship was born among these four young cancer fighters.
Theresia and Julius divided their time between their farm and hospital, taking Waithera through 25 chemotherapy sessions. Plus, they also received support from relatives who lived in Eldoret. But it was agonising waiting for the surgery to be scheduled. This eventually took place in January 2017, but because of the strike, it took another two months before Waithera was discharged from the hospital.
It was while at the hospital that the family were informed about Faraja Cancer Support Trust. Waithera’s 12 sessions of radiotherapy and accommodation was catered for by funds from the Wigs and Turbans annual dinner held on November 5th 2016 that raised 1million Kenya shillings for children’s cancer. Her energy and personality could not be missed. She is acutely aware of the journey that she is on, though blissfully ignorant of the consequences of fighting a disease that has claimed many. When I asked, what happened to her hair, she looked at me with the large brown eyes and shouted, ‘chemo!’ and she proceeded to show off her well-rounded scalp.
Waithera’s parents acknowledge that their daughter has a fighting spirit that has seen her through treatment. Her energy is unabated even after her radiotherapy sessions, and her father beams at this as he informs me his daughter’s personality is the spitting image of his.
You can’t help but admire this little bundle of energy who seems oblivious to the fact that at a very early age, she has led her family through a battle that even adults fear to tread.
Editor’s Note: Faraja is happy to announce that this year, we will partner with Wigs and Turbans again for the 2nd annual dinner to be held on Saturday 4th of November 2017. Details will be posted on our social media platforms. Funds raised will go towards creating a special fund within Faraja’s Medical Fund for Children with Cancer.